About ICCS

About ICCS



The IEA International Civic and Citizenship Study (ICCS) is a comparative research program of the Inter­national Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). It is designed to investigate the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the 21st century and to monitor changes over time. In pursuit of this purpose, the study reports on students’ knowledge and understanding of concepts and issues related to civics and citizenship, as well as their value beliefs, at­titudes, and behaviors. In addition, ICCS collects and analyzes a rich array of contextual data from policy makers, teachers, school principals, and the students themselves about the organi­zation and content of civic and citizenship education in the curriculum, teacher qualifications and experiences, school environment and climate, and home and com­munity support.


Previous Work

ICCS builds on two pioneer studies conducted by IEA in 1971 in nine countries and 18 years later in 28 countries, particularly the CIVED study in 1999. In acknowledgement of the need for continuing research on civic and citizenship educa­tion, ICCS was established in 2009 as a baseline study for future assessments in this area, with 38 countries participating from around the world. The ICCS 2009 survey reported on student achievement in a test of conceptual knowledge and understandings of aspects related to civic and citizenship education.  It also collected and analyzed data about student value beliefs, attitudes, behaviors and behavioral intentions relating to aspects of civic and citizenship education. Modules for Asia, Europe, and Latin America supplemented the interna­tional survey by investigating specific regional aspects of civic and citizenship education. The ICCS studies are based on a comprehensive assessment framework developed and brought up to date in a collaborative process with the participating countries and experts.


The results are reported in a series of publications and have also lead to numerous reports and publications within countries. For detailed information on 2009 publications visit our Publications page. 


Current Cycle

ICCS 2016 will be linked directly to ICCS 2009, allow­ing countries that participate in both studies to monitor trends in civic knowledge and engagement over seven years. For detailed information about the 2009 cycle, please visit the ICCS 2009 study website at the 2009 International Study Center at the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER).


The upcoming study cycle of ICCS in 2016 will respond to persisting and new challenges of educating young people across a world where contexts of democracy and civic participation continue to change considerably. The study aims to allow both the measurement of changes over seven years (from 2009 to 2016) and the assessment of additional aspects of civic and citizenship education, in particular those related to recent developments in a number of countries and globally.