As a result of increasing threats to fundamental values such as peace, equality, and human rights throughout Europe, education systems has been focusing on promotion of citizenship education, with several countries undertaking changes to their policies in this area. But what is citizenship education? How is it taught? And how students' civic knowledge is being evaluated? Are citizenship-related skills developed in or outside the classroom? What training and support should teachers receive in this area?
The Eurydice report "Citizenship Education at School in Europe – 2017" exhibits four chapters accompanied by case studies on recent policy initiatives:
Curriculum Organisation and Content;
Teaching, Learning, and Active Participation;
Student Assessment and School Evaluation;
Teacher Education, Professional Development and Support.
The report is primarily based on qualitative data and covers 42 education systems. It focuses on the existing regulations and recommendations regarding citizenship education in public sector schools and includes general education and school-based initial vocational education training programmes.